Waste management instructions
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- Green university initiative
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- Estonian Educational System
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food waste (solid, without packaging)
vegetable and fruits, as well as their peels and seeds
teabags and coffee grounds, paper filters
garden and park waste, flower soil/potting compost
cut flowers, branches, grass
paper pulp egg cartons
liquids (milk, sour cream, yogurt, soup, sauce, etc.): pour into sewage
cooking oil: collect separately and hand over to waste operator
textile: put into public textile containers
food waste in packages or non-compostable plastic bags
vacuum cleaner bags
disposable coffee cups and their lids
disposable tableware and cutlery
soiled or wet paper and cardboard
incandescent light bulbs
broken tableware and ceramics
sanitary towels (pads), tampons
packaging: mixed packaging
paper and cardboard: paper, cardboard and scrap paper
medications: return to the pharmacy
hazardous waste: contact property manager
bulky waste: contact property manager
construction waste: contact property manager
carton and cardboard cases and boxes
drawing, wrapping, and kraft paper
copybooks, notebooks, books and paper envelopes
newspapers and magazines
Documents containing confidential information that must be destroyed should be collected into a special locked container or removed during waste disposal campaign.
disposable coffee cups and tableware: mixed waste container
soiled or wet paper and cardboard: mixed waste container
household paper, disposable wipes: mixed waste container
self-copy carbon paper, stickers: mixed waste container
foil, film: mixed packaging container
beverage cartons and Tetra Pak packages: mixed packaging container
ice-cream packaging and candy wrapping paper: mixed packaging container
PLASTIC: bottles and canisters, corks, salad- and cake boxes, sandwich containers, yogurt cups, ham and cheese packaging, film, plastic bags, foam polystyrene (EPS), cosmetic and sanitary product packaging
METAL: tins, cans, corks, and lids
TETRA: juice, wine, yogurt and milk cartons
GLASS: bottles and jars
packaging containing food residues: mixed waste container
ceramics, incandescent light bulbs, mirrors, tableware and cutlery: mixed waste container
other plastic and rubber objects: mixed waste container
HAZARDOUS WASTE: solvents, chemicals, medicines, fertilizers, poisons, oils, paints, varnishes, sharps waste (syringes, razor blades, etc.), energy-saving light bulbs, and packaging containing leftovers of hazardous substances*: head of the structural unit or property manager provide information about places for hazardous waste collection and methods of disposal.
*Hazardous waste packaging is marked with one or several labels listed below:
PRODUCTS OF CONCERN:
BULKY AND CONSTRUCTION WASTE
Kreutzwaldi 1, 5; Eerika ja Rõhu
+372 5209 959, email@example.com
Kreutzwaldi 3, 52 ja Tuglase 7
+372 5135 364, firstname.lastname@example.org
Kreutzwaldi 46, 56, 62 ja Veski 4
+372 5122 177, email@example.com
+372 731 3070, firstname.lastname@example.org (general)
Kreutzwaldi 1, 1A, 46, 48, 52, +372 731 3085
Kreutzwaldi 5 , +372 731 3082, +372 731 3197
Kreutzwaldi 56, 58, 58A , +372 731 3922
Kreutzwaldi 62 , +372 731 3006
+372 5326 7516, email@example.com
Waste management maps in EMU campus
EMU waste disposal campaigns
There are currently no active campaigns.
Give away your second hand stuff
There are currently no active campaigns.
Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
What can be done to decrease waste production?
Waste avoidance helps save material. Avoid overpacking, choose unpacked fruit and vegetables or put them into your own reusable bag. When shopping, put things into your own textile, paper or plastic bag. As life without packaging is impossible – it protects the product during transportation, prolongs its shelf life, contains necessary information about the product – it is crucial to recycle once used packages.
Where should I start, if I decided to start sorting waste?
First, make sure you have basic knowledge about recycling: why is it necessary to sort waste, what types of waste can be sorted, what containers are used for each type of waste, and to what extent does the waste have to be cleaned.
Waste is not merely garbage, but a resource. Recycling saves energy and natural resources like water, mineral resources, wood. Sorting helps us avoid waste disposal in landfills, water pollution, and its transmission into human organism via food chain. Waste sorting and recycling helps us save money – for example, the fee for emptying package or paper and cardboard containers is either lower or non-existent compared to emptying mixed waste ones.
Where should I start and where to put waste?
The most important factor you have to understand is that waste sorting and recycling do not produce more waste, the amount of waste remain the same. If you used to put all waste produced in the kitchen into the same container, you do not have to look for additional space, it is sufficient to divide the existing container into several compartments. However, if there is enough room, you may start using separate smaller containers for each type of waste.
You may start with sorting regularly produced waste types, i.e. collect separately biodegradable waste, packages, paper and cardboard. An ordinary box is suitable for collecting used batteries, medicinal products, hazardous waste.
Old paper and package may be taken to public containers. Used regular and rechargeable batteries are commonly collected in places selling those. As a rule, containers are labelled with stickers with the information on the type of waste that can be placed into this container. Larger volumes of paper and cardboard or packaging material (glass, plastic, tetra-pak, metal), biodegradable kitchen and garden waste, hazardous waste (varnish, paint, mercury waste and residues, fluorescent lamps), electronic devices, bulky waste (old furniture, etc.) have to be taken to the local waste station.
How to sort waste?
You can find more detailed guidelines on sorting and recycling waste at the webpage of Estonian University of Life Sciences, at Green University Initiative section, as well as the ones of the local authorities and waste operators.
Packaging must be empty and clean (i.e. it must not contain any product residues or smell unpleasantly; if necessary, you should rinse the package before putting it into the container to avoid soiling other packages).
You should put packaging and paper/ cardboard into containers either loose or in a transparent plastic bag. Paper/ cardboard must not be too wet or soiled. You should press bulky/ large-size packaging together before putting it into the container to save space. If possible, you should try to place different materials separately, for example, cardboard case should be separated from plastic yoghurt cup as well as metal lid from a glass jar. However, you should put different packages into the same container, as they will be further sorted by waste managing company.
What is biowaste? Why is it necessary to separately collect it and how to do this properly?
Biowaste is generally defined as biodegradable waste, for instance, food waste, confectionary products, tea and coffee grounds, as well as grass, tree leaves, and wilted flowers. However, it is impossible to put all food waste into biowaste container: you cannot put liquids and liquid residues (e.g. yoghurt, soup, etc.) into the container as they may spoil waste transporting vehicle or leak out.
Biodegradable waste is collected into a separated container that is either regularly emptied by a waste operator or is composted on-site. Biowaste should be placed into the container loose or in a paper or compostable plastic bag. All alien waste (e.g. packaging) decelerate or ruin the process. To avoid spoiling of biowaste containers, waste operators regularly line their interior with compostable plastic bag.
There exist numerous reasons for separately collecting biowaste:
How much and what kind of biowaste is produced in Estonian University of Life Sciences? How is biowaste collection managed at Estonian University of Life Sciences?
It is not yet known how much kitchen and cafeteria, garden and park waste is produced at Estonian University of Life Sciences. In Tartu, this type of waste makes 32% of mixed municipal waste.
Biowaste produced at Estonian University of Life Sciences majorly consists of food residues, confectionary products, tea and coffee grounds, grass, tree leaves, flowers, etc. At the moment, biowaste is separately collected in cafeterias and several university buildings. We are planning to start collected coffee grounds next to coffee machines. Containers for biowaste will soon be installed in kitchenettes and rest areas, as well as some laboratories. All these containers will be provided with sorting and recycling guidelines.
What do the numbers inside three yellow arrows on plastic packaging mean?
On plastic packaging, the number combination inside three arrows shows what type of plastic the packaging is made of. Materials numbered 1–6 form 90% of consumer plastic used.
The majority of plastic collected in Estonia is then sorted, crushed, washed, flaked, and then sold to other countries. Some part of material is used to produce new packaging. Packaging film and plastic from bottles and canisters is a popular commodity. Waste operator Ragn-Sells sorts and recycles approximately 30 types of plastic.
In the table below, easily recycled plastic is marked green, plastic that is slightly more complicated to recycle – yellow, and problematic plastic – red.
What waste can be put into packaging container?
Packaging is manufactured from any type of material and used to enclose, protect, handle, and transport a commodity throughout its entire life cycle – from raw material to the completed product, to be transported from the manufacturer to the consumer. All types of plastic packaging may be put into packaging containers (food, industrial products, and sanitary products packages), regardless of the type of plastic. You can also put plastic bags, food film, foil, polyfoam boxes, and bubble wrap into the packaging container.
Waste management operator will further sort all packaging according to the type of material it is made of.
What should I do with plastic, metal, glass, ceramic, wooden, and paper waste that is not packaging?
Intact, clean, old objects that are possible to use may be donated, handed over to recycling centres or taken to waste stations. Unusable, soiled, broken objects (e.g. ceramics, footwear, as well as very soiled packaging) must be put into municipal mixed waste container. There exist numerous public packaging and old paper containers in the city.
What can be done with electric and electronic waste?
At Estonian University of Life Sciences, it is only possible to give away purchased by and registered for university use old electronic devices. These are handed over to ICT department.
In general, it is possible to take old electronic devices to the shop selling those. It is also possible to take those devices to the waste station – to specify location, visit: www.kuhuviia.ee.
In Estonia, recycling of electronic waste operates based on the responsibility of the manufacturer – enterprises introducing these electronic devices to the market cover collection and recycling expenses. The expenses are indirectly included into the product price, and the customer covers them when purchasing the product and does not have to pay for changing the device into waste.
Returnable electronic waste must not contain any other waste and must be intact, because when certain parts of the refrigerator are disassembled, hazardous CFC particles may escape and damage ozone layer.
All collected electronic waste is then either recycled or reused.
Current waste management at Estonian University of Life Sciences and the upcoming changes?
Property management department organises waste management (indoor container emptying and cleaning) at Estonian University of Life Sciences. Cleaners empty the containers located in university buildings following sorting and recycling guidelines. Cleaners do not further sort the mixed waste – thus, if we want certain items to be recycled or re-used, we have to separate re-usable waste from the mixed one and put it into the appropriate container.
Currently, it is possible to sort waste by putting into different containers mixed waste, packaging, and paper waste in all university buildings. There are special collection boxes for used regular and rechargeable batteries. Old electronic devices and printer cartridges can be handed over to ICT department. Hazardous waste management is coordinated by the head of the structural unit in cooperation with work environment specialist.
In the near future, Department of Property Management and Green University Initiative are planning to make information on waste management better accessible and create new waste sorting possibilities in dormitories, rest areas, kitchenettes, and laboratories.
All university waste containers will be labelled with corresponding uniform signs and sorting guidelines will be provided. Information on waste management (in Estonian and English) on Green University Initiative webpage will be updated.
Does coffee machine produce a lot of waste?
Every coffee cup produces waste that includes one cup, one spoon, and coffee ground. Disposable coffee cups are impossible to re-use. At Estonian University of Life Sciences, it is now possible to buy coffee from the machine using your own cup. Adjustments have been introduced to the machine settings, and henceforth, every time when you use a disposable cup, 20 cents are added to the price. That should motivate people to use re-usable and thermo-cups more frequently. This initiative was introduced by the Students Union of the Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and was supported by Green University Initiative.